#5 Geopolitical System of Canada

s2s · April 7, 2023
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Learning Objective:
This lesson aims to provide international students with a comprehensive understanding of the geopolitical system of Canada. The course will cover the structure of Canadian governance, the roles of major political parties, the electoral system, key policy areas, the dynamics of federalism and regional differences, and the importance of acknowledging and respecting Indigenous populations. By the end of this lesson, students will have a solid grasp of how Canada’s political system operates and its implications for various aspects of society.

Introduction to Canada’s Political System

Overview of the Course Objectives and Structure

  • Introduction to the aims and outline of the course
  • Importance of understanding the geopolitical system for international students

Importance of Understanding the Geo-Political System for International Students

  • How political knowledge can impact daily life and career prospects
  • Benefits of being informed about the host country’s political environment

Brief History of Canada’s Political Development

  • Key historical events that shaped the current political system
  • Evolution from colonial rule to a modern democracy

Canadian Governance Structure

Constitutional Monarchy and Parliamentary Democracy

  • Explanation of Canada’s political system as a constitutional monarchy
  • Role and significance of the parliamentary democracy

Roles and Powers of the Monarch, Governor General, Prime Minister, and Cabinet

  • Duties and influence of the monarch and Governor General
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet

Separation of Powers: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches

  • Overview of the three branches of government
  • How power is distributed and checks and balances are maintained

Political Parties in Canada

Major Political Parties and Their Ideologies

  • Overview of major parties: Liberal, Conservative, New Democratic Party, Green Party
  • Key ideologies and policy positions of each party

Party Membership, Organization, and Funding

  • How political parties are structured and funded
  • Importance of party membership and participation

Role of Political Parties in Shaping Policy Decisions

  • Influence of parties on national and regional policies
  • Process of policy development and implementation

Electoral System in Canada

Overview of the Electoral Process

  • Explanation of how elections are conducted in Canada
  • Key steps and timeline of the electoral process

First-Past-the-Post System vs. Proportional Representation

  • Description of the first-past-the-post electoral system used in Canada
  • Comparison with proportional representation and implications for election outcomes

Role of Elections Canada and the Chief Electoral Officer

  • Responsibilities of Elections Canada in managing elections
  • Duties of the Chief Electoral Officer

Key Policy Areas

Healthcare System and Social Programs

  • Structure and funding of Canada’s healthcare system
  • Overview of key social programs and their impact on citizens

Education System and Policies

  • Organization of the education system at federal and provincial levels
  • Key policies affecting education in Canada

Economic Policies and Trade Relations

  • Major economic policies and their goals
  • Canada’s trade relations and economic partnerships

Indigenous Rights and Reconciliation

  • Importance of Indigenous rights in Canadian policy
  • Efforts and challenges in the reconciliation process

Federalism and Regional Dynamics

Canadian Federalism and Division of Powers

  • Explanation of federalism and how power is divided between federal and provincial governments
  • Role of the federal government versus provincial and territorial governments

Provinces and Territories: Roles and Responsibilities

  • Overview of the responsibilities of provinces and territories
  • Key areas where provinces and territories have jurisdiction

Regional Differences and Political Dynamics in Canada

  • Discussion of how regional differences influence political dynamics
  • Examples of regional political issues and their national implications

Indigenous Peoples of Canada

Introduction to Indigenous Peoples in Canada

  • Overview of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples
  • Importance of acknowledging and respecting Indigenous populations

Historical Context and Current Issues

  • Brief history of Indigenous peoples in Canada
  • Current social, economic, and political issues facing Indigenous communities

Importance of Acknowledgment and Respect

  • Why newcomers should acknowledge Indigenous land and peoples
  • Practical ways to show respect and support for Indigenous communities

Case Studies: Current Issues in Canadian Politics

Climate Change and Environmental Policies

  • Examination of Canada’s climate change policies
  • Key environmental initiatives and challenges

Immigration and Multiculturalism

  • Overview of Canada’s immigration policies and multiculturalism
  • Impact of immigration on Canadian society

Indigenous Self-Governance and Land Rights

  • Case studies on Indigenous self-governance
  • Ongoing issues related to land rights and sovereignty

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