#6 X 2 Referencing & Citation : Acknowledging the Source

s2s · April 27, 2023
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The course on referencing and citation techniques is designed to help students learn how to properly acknowledge the sources they use in their academic or research work. The course covers the basics of referencing and citation, including why they are important, how to format them correctly, and how to use different citation styles, such as APA, MLA, and Chicago.

Students will learn how to identify different types of sources, including books, journal articles, websites, and other digital sources, and how to cite them properly within the text of their work. They will also learn how to create a reference list or bibliography, which includes detailed information about each source cited in the work.

Today, we’re focusing on a foundational aspect of academic writing—referencing and citation. Whether you’re writing a research paper, essay, or thesis, the ability to reference correctly is crucial. This skill not only safeguards you against plagiarism but also demonstrates your engagement with the scholarly community.

Part 1: The Role of Referencing and Citation in Academic Integrity:

  • Purpose of Referencing: Highlight the dual role of referencing in giving proper credit to original authors and providing a pathway for readers to follow your research journey.
  • Ethical Considerations: Discuss the ethical implications of citing sources, emphasizing that accurate referencing is a form of intellectual honesty and a fundamental practice in all academic endeavors.

Part 2: Overview of Citation Styles:

  • APA (American Psychological Association) Style: Focus on the author-date citation system, ideal for sciences and social sciences, which helps in quickly identifying the timeliness of research.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) Style: Discuss the author-page number format used primarily in humanities, facilitating precise referencing of more literary or theoretical texts.
  • Chicago Style: Introduce both the author-date and notes-bibliography systems of Chicago style, explaining their suitability for history and some social sciences, with flexibility in handling a variety of source types.

Part 3: Identifying Different Types of Sources:

  • Books and Journal Articles: Teach students how to gather key information such as authors, titles, publication years, and publishers to correctly format citations.
  • Digital Sources: Discuss the challenges of citing digital content like websites, blogs, and social media, focusing on the importance of finding reliable publication dates and author information.
  • Other Sources: Briefly touch on how to cite less common sources such as interviews, videos, podcasts, and personal communications.

Part 4: Step-by-Step Citation Process:

  • Selecting the Right Information: Guide students through selecting the right details from their sources to include in their citations.
  • Formatting Citations: Use detailed examples to show how to format citations in text and in the bibliography for each style.
  • Using Citation Tools: Introduce students to various tools and software that can aid in managing and formatting citations, such as Zotero, EndNote, and Mendeley.

Part 5: Creating a Reference List or Bibliography:

  • Difference Between Bibliographies and Reference Lists: Clarify the distinction and when each is appropriate.
  • Organization: Tips on organizing reference lists alphabetically by author’s last name and bibliographies by subject or source type, if applicable.

Part 6: Practical Application and Common Pitfalls:

  • Interactive Activity: Engage students in a citation formatting activity using example sources.
  • Common Errors: Discuss frequent mistakes in citation like incorrect author names, forgetting publication dates, and mismatched citation styles, providing strategies to avoid these errors.

Conclusion: Conclude the session by reinforcing the critical role of proper citation and referencing in academic writing. Encourage students to practice these skills diligently to enhance the credibility and reliability of their academic work.

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